Travelers who haven’t been to Mongolia shouldn’t fail to notice the following tips. These tips are essential for touring the city, the countryside, visiting a nomadic family, and riding Mongolian horses and camels. These Mongolian customs, which have been passed down for centuries, are unique for any guests from a different country.
* A If your car stops by an “Ovoo”, the sacred mounds of stones, you are expected to circle the stones clockwise three times and toss something onto the file.
lways accept some food or drink when you visit a Mongolian family. You don’t have to eat everything, but it’s rude if you don’t test them.
* Both food and drink are passed with and accepted by the right hand. Please keep your sleeves down when you accept food or drinks from the host.
* If it is possible, give little children some candies and small items (stationeries, hair pins, stickers, balloons…) that could be interesting for them. It is usual that they expect something from visitors, as they are inaccessible to shops and entertaining places.
* Don’t forget to blow out the candle before you sleep in a ger.
* If you are visiting a nomad’s family during the cold season, please don’t try to make a fire in the stove. It is better to ask your hosts to take care of the stove. Your inexperience may cause you a big problem.
* Don’t ever whistle while you are in a Mongolian ger; this is considered really rude.
* Never step over dishes and cooking utensils when they are placed on the ground. The hosts of the family will be badly offended.
* Don’t put your feet up on the table. It is also very offensive.
* Never put your hat upside down or place it on the floor. According to Mongolia’s etiquette traditions, a man or woman’s hat represents his or her fortune.
* Don’t approach a horse from the hind or the right side. The horse may kick you, because it is scared.
* Mount or dismount a horse or camel only from the left.
* Put on long-legged trousers. Mongolian traditional saddles with high wooden frame and silver decorations may make your legs sore if you ride with shorts.
* Don’t wear too bright colored clothes or those with loose flaps, because it may scare your horse.
* Don’t take pictures with a flashlight camera while riding.
* Don’t control your body while you are riding a horse, but control your horse. Horses always listen to your commands.
* Please never pet a family dog. Mongolian dogs have a big responsibility. They are not used to be pets; they are used as protectors, so they may bite you.
Useful hints VISA
Every traveler must possess a full valid passport and a tourist visa. You can obtain any type of visa authorization at the Visa and Passport Division of Mongolian Embassies and Diplomatic Missions, as well as Honorary Consulates of Mongolia in your country. In this case, you are required to have 4 copies of passport size photographs and at least 6 months valid passport and to fill visa application forms. One-month valid tourist visa can be extended only one time by 30 days, but multiple entry visas are available and remain valid for a period of 6 months.
If there is no Mongolian embassy and you are not able to obtain visa in advance, you can get it at Mongolian borders or at the airport upon your arrival. In this case you are required to have a letter invitation and also you will pay 50USD for the tourist visa with 30 days validity. Because of bilateral agreements made with some countries, obtaining visa authorization is not always the case. Below is list of countries with non-visa requirements for all kinds of passport holders.
* Malaysia for up to 30 days
* Singapore for up to 30 days
* Philippines for up to 21 days
* USA for up to 90 days
* Israel for up to 30 days
* DPRK for up to 30 days /private visits need a visa/
* Kazakhstan for up to 90 days
* Kyrgyzstan for up to 90 days
* Cuba for up to 30 days
* Laos for up to 30 days /private visits need a visa/
* Hong Kong for up to 14 days
* Former Yugoslavia for up to 30 days /private visits need a visa/
Below is list of countries with non-visa requirements for diplomatic and official passport holders.
* Russia for up to 90 days
* China no time limit
* Republic of Korea for up to 30 days
* Thailand for up to 30 days <
* Hungary for up to 30 days
* Czech Republic for up to 90 days
* Slovak republic for up to 90 days
* Bulgaria no time limit
* Romania no time limit
*-Turkey 30 days
* Mexico 90 days